Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ash-Shami al-Asadi (Arabic: تقي الدين محمد بن معروف الشامي ‎, Ottoman Turkish: تقي الدين محمد بن معروف الشامي السعدي ‎,Turkish:Takiyüddin) was an Ottoman Turkish polymath active in Cairo and Istanbul.He was the author of more than ninety books on a wide variety of … Mamelucii: al-Așraf Salah ad-Din Khalil ibn Kalaun (sultan din dinastia Bahrizilor, 1290-1293) și an-Nasir Nasir ad-Din Muhammad ibn Kalaun (sultan din dinastia Bahrizilor, 1293-1294, 1298-1308, 1309-1349) Marinizii: Abu Iakub Iusuf an-Nasr ibn Iakub (emir din dinastia Marinizilor, 1286-1307) The Ma'arij al-Nubuwwah was compiled by Mu'in al-Din ibn Haji Muhammad Sharaf al-Din al-Farahi al-Haravi al-Miskin in Herat on 1 Rabi' al-'Awwal AH 891/8 March 1486. His ancestor was a Turkic slave who eventually became a viceroy of a small province named Khwarizm.

1305-1310) Mamelucii: al-Muzaffar Rukn ad-Din Baibars al II-lea al-Djașnikir (sultan din dinastia Bahrizilor, 1308-1309) și an-Nasir Nasir ad-Din Muhammad ibn Kalaun (sultan din dinastia Bahrizilor, 1293-1294, 1298-1308, 1309-1340) 1309 al-Muzaffar Rukn-ad-Din Baybars II al-Jashankir 1310 al-Nasir Nasir-ad-Din Muhammad ibn Qalawun, hirugarren erreinaldia 1340 al-Mansur Saif-ad-Din Abu-Bakr Rukn al-Dīn Hasan ibn Muhammad Khurshāh (or Khwarshāh) (ركن الدين حسن بن محمد خورشاه) (1230?-1256) was the son of ‘Alā’ ad-Dīn Muḥammad III and the 27th Isma'ili Imam.He was also the fifth and final Nizari Isma'ili Imam who ruled at Alamut.The Imam was the eldest son of Imam ʿAla al-Din Muhammad and succeeded his murdered father to the Imamate in 1255. Mali: Muhammad ibn Gao (rege din dinastia Keyta, cca. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Ala ad-Din Muhammad II (Persian: علاءالدین محمد خوارزمشاه; full name: Ala ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Abul-Fath Muhammad Sanjar ibn Tekish) was the Shah of the Khwarezmian Empire from 1200 to 1220. Al-Ashraf Ala'a ad-Din Kujuk ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun (Arabic: الأشرف علاءالدين كجك ‎), better known as al-Ashraf Kujuk (also spelled Küchük), (1336 – September 1345) was the Mamluk sultan from August 1341 to January 1342. Selgiucizii din Irak: Ghias ad-Din Masud ibn Muhammad (sultan din dinastia Selgiucizilor, 1133-1152) Selgiucizii din Kerman: Mughis ad-Din Muhammad I Malik Șah ibn Arslan Șah (sultan din dinastia Selgiucizilor, 1142-1156) Selgiucizii din Konya: Rukn ad-Din Masud I Kilic Arslan (sultan din dinastia Selgiucizilor, 1116-1156) Perzsia 651-ben lett az Arab Birodalom része, s bár az iszlám elterjedt a területén, és az arab nyelv is erősen hatott a lakosságára, mindig megőrizte kulturális különállását. Al-Màlik al-Mudhàffar Rukn-ad-Din Bàybars al-Jaixnkir, més conegut simplement com al-Mudhàffar Bàybars o com Bàybars II —en àrab الملك المظفر ركن الدين بيبرس الجاشنكير, al-Malik al-Muẓaffar Rukn ad-Dīn Baybars al-Jāxnikīr— fou soldà mameluc bahrita o kiptxak del Caire (1309-1310). A 9. század elejétől a területei önállósodtak, s több helyi dinasztia (Táhiridák, Számánidák, Szaffáridák stb.)

Nasir Tusi Abu Dżafar Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan Nasir ad-Din al-Tusi (ur.1201 w Tusie, zm.

Biography 'Izz al-Din was appointed as malik by the notables of Sistan in 1352 after the death of Jalal al-Din Mahmud.Soon after his ascension, a conflict broke out between him and his cousin Muhammad ibn Nusrat al-Din Muhammad, who was governor of the town of Uq and commanded a large degree of support in northern Sistan.Muhammad rebuilt several fortresses and seized crown lands in his locality.